Biological farming is now becoming mainstream with more and more growers adopting a biological approach. Science now tells us that in order to achieve optimal yields, soil carbon, mineral balancing and soil biology are absolutely critical.
Conventional agriculture thinks of plant nutrition in chemical terms (NPK) however good balanced plant nutrition relies on the biological activity of microbes (also known as micro-organisms or biology). Microbes are very small creatures such as bacteria and fungi that live in soils, in water and on plant surfaces. They are an essential part of all ecosystems including farms and even your backyard garden.
Microbes play a central role in the decomposition and recycling of energy and nutrients held within organic matter. You could describe microbes as the ‘engine room’ of your soil.
Bio-inoculants are products that contain living micro-organisms like fungi and bacteria that can be applied to your soil and crops. We now know that micro-organisms are vital for nutrient cycling and helping to maintain soil and plant health. For example, some fungi assist in the uptake of Phosphorous and Zinc nutrients to plants. Others control pathogens on leaf surfaces and around plant roots.
Many farming practices such as the use of fertilizers with hi salt content and agricultural chemicals can reduce the number and effectiveness of the micro-organisms in the soil and on plants.
Without healthy micro-organism populations, soil health cannot be maintained, plant health and yields decline and diseases may increase.
Why Choose A Biological Approach?
Although conventional chemical fertilisers can bring about impressive short term yield results, they can also lead to soil health issues such as declining organic matter, acidity, leaching and nutrient imbalances. Agricultural chemicals including some fertilizers can also adversely impact on your soil biology.
Research and field experience also indicate that pest and diseases in crops are largely due to system imbalances which can be brought about by excessive nitrogen in the plant, a lack of trace elements or a lack of soil micro-organisms which help regulate pests and diseases in the soil and root zone.
All of these issues mean a decrease in farm profits due to increases in the cost of production caused by more “rescue chemicals” that are needed to solve the problems of an unbalanced crop production system.
Biological practices offer an answer to these issues by working with nature to bring about good yields with less inputs.
5 Benefits Of A Biological Approach
- Increase in plant available water – Increasing your soil carbon significantly increases your soil’s water holding capacity. This means more water for production and better ability to grow crops during low rainfall seasons.
- Increase in stored and available nutrients – By building soil humus you are increasing the potential of your soil to hold and deliver nutrients to your crops. Biology and carbon are the only was to build humus. Biologically active soils make more nutrients available to plants than those that are not biologically active.
- A decrease in pests and diseases – Research is now clearly showing that plants with optimal nutrition and growing in healthy soil can be more resistant to attacks by pests and diseases. For example, strong plant cells are able to withstand fungal attack to a greater extent than those who are lacking in strength. Healthy, diverse micro-organism populations in soils and on plants can regulate pathogens and disease.
- Optimal plant growth and health – With optimal nutrition and soil conditions crops can grow to their full potential. This means effective photosynthesis and high quality grain fibre, forage and oil seeds. It also means plants have deep and vigorous root systems that further build the soil system as they shed carbon to feed the soil ecosystem.
- Better bottom line – Profit in a cropping enterprise depends upon both income and costs. Biological farming can greatly assist in decreasing input costs which is money directly onto your bottom line.
Making The Change
BioGenomX are the experts is assisting you with moving towards a biological approach. We use a systematic and thorough approach to ensure that you get the optimum results.
- Balance the soil
- Activate the biology
- Balance the plant
If you are ready to make the change to a biological approach, please contact us today; we’d be delighted to assist.